Orthodontics

 

       PERIODONTAL DISEASE...

LINKED TO HEART DISEASE

"...Gum disease sufferers are at a higher risk for other diseases, making it more critical than ever to maintain periodontal health in order to achieve overall health..."

American Academy of Periodontology

www.perio.org

 

STAGES OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE

Text Box: GINGIVITIS: first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque along the gum line of teeth containing BACTERIA causes gums to swell, become red and bleed.

Text Box: If bacteria is not removed, it starts to destroy the supporting bone. The bone loss is not reversible. The gums become infected and pull away from the teeth, forming pockets.

Text Box: As the pockets become deeper and the infection progresses, more bacteria accumulates and further bone loss occurs. The gums shrink away and start to become loose. Many people suffer bad breath at this stage.

Text Box: Advanced stage  there is very little bone support left and teeth are loose. In most cases, teeth at this stage require extraction.

 

 

 

 

WHAT IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE?

Active Bacterial Infection - creating a chronic

inflammatory response that causes the body
to attack the gums and bone that support teeth.
 

Bacteria from plaque builds-up on teeth

and releases POISONOUS TOXINS that cause
infection and inflammation of the gums.
 
Are you at risk for
Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

Risk factors for periodontal disease include:

Bacterial plaque, Genetics, Elevated Stress, Diabetes, Dry Mouth, Medications, Clenching & Grinding, Tobacco, Failing Restorations, Hormonal Influence

SYMPTOMS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE

Red & swollen gums, Bleeding when brushing or flossing, Receding gums, Loose or separating teeth, Pus between teeth and gums, Persistent bad breath, Tender gums, or NO SYMPTOMS AT ALL!

 

WHAT ARE YOUR NUMBERS?

During a comprehensive exam, radiographs are evaluated to determine bone levels.  A visual exam is performed to check the amount of plaque and calculus built up on teeth and to note the color and shape of the gum tissue. Spaces around teeth are measured with a small plastic probe to determine health of tissues. Any spaces that are 4mm or greater may mean an Active Bacterial Infection is present.

 

HOW IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE TREATED?

NON-SURGICAL:

Root Planing and Scaling -

Involves removal of the bacteria and other debris from the crown and root surfaces of the teeth.

Arestin -

Use of locally applied antibiotic placed directly in diseased pockets

Systemic Antibiotics -

Prescription given to patient for oral antibiotics - usually very low dose taken over 30 days

Periodontal Maintenance -

Scheduled every 3-4 months and aids in keeping bacteria count down following initial root planing therapy

SURGICAL:

Pocket Reduction Procedures

Regenerative Procedures

Crown Lengthening

Soft Tissue Grafts

 

CALL US TO SCHEDULE A CONSULTATION

(904) 731-0432

YOU CAN ALSO EMAIL AN APPOINTMENT REQUEST

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There is not a cure for periodontal disease and it will not get better on its own.

Once root planing and scaling is completed, the disease process is slowed, however, proper home care and consistent maintenance appointments with the office are vital components of successful treatment. If there is no improvement after initial therapy, it may be linked to genetic or systemic factors and treatment may be more frequent and aggressive.